Argentina map

Argentina is a massive, megadiverse South American nation, hosting one of the greatest ecosystem varieties in the world. This huge ecosystem variety has led to a biological diversity that is among the world's largest. It is divided into seven geographical regions: Northwest, the high Puna with even higher, more rugged topography to the far-west; the arid precordillera, filled with narrow valleys or quebradas to the mid-west; and an extension of the mountainous Yungas jungles to the east. Mesopotamia is a subtropical wedge covering the western Paraná Plateau and neighboring lowlands, and is enclosed by the Paraná and Uruguay rivers. Gran Chaco is a large, subtropical and tropical low-lying, gently sloping alluvial plain between Mesopotamia and the Andes. Sierras Pampeanas are a series of medium-height mountain chains located in the center of the country. Cuyo is a basin and range area in the central Andes piedmont, to the west of Argentina. Pampas is a massive and hugely fertile alluvial plain located in the center-east. Patagonia is a large southern plateau consisting mostly of arid, rocky steppes to the east, with moist, cold grasslands to the south, and dense subantarctic forests to the west. (Wikipedia)


Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
273,669,000 hectares
Area of forest
9.9% of land area
Area of agriculture
54.5% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.4% of land area


43.4 million
Population growth
1.0% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
13431.90 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
4.50 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
1,000,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
314 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.09 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Country Profiles – NBSAPs, National Reports (5th)
La Estrategia Nacional de Biodiversidad y Plan de Acción 2016-2020 (in Spanish) (2016)

Restoration Objectives:

  • Develop actions to recuperate degraded ecosystems
  • From a landscape perspective, prioritize the areas for restoration in order to restore, taking into account the resilience and connectivity of the ecosystems. 

Conservation Areas Objectives:

  • Incorporate diverse types and areas of conservation into the design and management of the Conservation corridors, either as core areas or as those that form part of their matrix, through appropriate agreements, instances of participation and processes of increasing institutionalization, to configure the integral space of Biodiversity Conservation of a given ecoregion.
Tercera Comunicación Nacional De La Republica Argentina A La Convencion Marco De Las Naciones Unidas Sobre El Cambio Climatico (in Spanish) (2015)

Increasing carbon stocks around the world (pg. 180): 

  • Goals: An average annual afforestation of 61,000 ha / year is considered as of 2015.
  • Enlargement of the forested national area to 2 million ha in 2015-2030 could result in a cumulative CO2 fixation in that period of about 230 million tCO2.
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