Map of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located in West Africa. Burkina Faso is made up of two major types of countryside. The larger part of the country is covered by a peneplain, which forms a gently undulating landscape with, in some areas, a few isolated hills, the last vestiges of a Precambrian massif. The southwest of the country, on the other hand, forms a sandstone massif, where the highest peak, Ténakourou, is found at an elevation of 749 meters (2,457 ft). The massif is bordered by sheer cliffs up to 150 m (492 ft) high. The average altitude of Burkina Faso is 400 m (1,312 ft) and the difference between the highest and lowest terrain is no greater than 600 m (1,969 ft). Burkina Faso is therefore a relatively flat country. Burkina Faso has a larger number of elephants than many countries in West Africa. Lions, leopards and buffalo can also be found here, including the dwarf or red buffalo, a smaller reddish-brown animal which looks like a fierce kind of short-legged cow. Other large predators live in Burkina Faso, such as the cheetah, the caracal or African lynx, the spotted hyena and the African wild dog, one of the continent’s most endangered species. Burkina Faso's fauna and flora are protected in four national parks and several reserves. (Wikipedia)


Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
27,360,000 hectares
Area of forest
19.6% of land area
Area of agriculture
45.0% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.4% of land area


18.1 million
Population growth
2.9% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP per person
613.00 USD
GDP from agriculture

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.20 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
National Restoration Targets
Total restoration target
1,195,000 hectares
Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) – FCPF
Readiness Preparation Plan for REDD+ (R-PP Burkina Faso) (2013)
  • Increase national coverage of ‘forest reserves’ from 14% to 30% (p. 89)
    • Combination of forest classification of local authorities and through reforestation
  • Management of agro-silvo-pastoral systems (1 of 4 pillars for REDD+ Strategy) (p. 92)
    • Restoration and participatory management of existing classified forests 
    • Development of agroforestry (afforestation & ANR)
    • Development and SFM of community forests
    • Village plantations
    • Reforestation
National Forest and/or Climate Strategy and/or Low Carbon Development Strategy
National Rural Sector Program (in French) (2011)
  • Subprogram: development of production forest, wildlife and fish
    • Reforestation campaign = 11,000,000 plants annually (p. 36)
    • Program Cost: $136 M (2011-2015) (p. 45) 
    • Funds Acquired: $32 M (p. 46)


Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development 2011-2015 (2011)
  • Objective 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
    • Indicator: Percentage of Lands Recovered (p. 39)
      • Current level in 2010 = 0% 
      • 2015 Target: 10%
Burkina 2025 – General Report (2005)
  • Vision and Strategies
    • Improve quality of life includes stopping the degradation of natural resources and fighting against desertification (p. 115)
Forest Investment Program (FIP)
Restoration target
1,050,000 hectares
Investment Plan for Burkina Faso (2012)
  • Opportunities for GHG reductions in the FIP projects
    • Increase of the carbon content in the forest reserves (p. 18)
      • SFM plans, reforestation, land degradation management (restoration of degraded areas, silvicultural actions, ANR)
  • Logical Framework with activity flow chart (p. 35)
    • Project 1: PGDDF (Decentralized Forest and Woodland Management) ($18 M) (p. 39)
      • Component 2.2: activities financed include creation of community forest, agroforestry, agro-silvo-pastoralism, and A/R (p. 57)
    • Project 2: PGPFD (Participatory Management of State Forests) ($12 M) (p. 41)
      • 50,000 ha forest plantations (p. 102)
    • Both projects use indicators for progress that include ANR, A/R, and SFM activities (p. 51)
  • Annex 2: estimate of the range of emission reductions that the proposed FIP program could help achieve (over 10-20 years)
    • Agroforestry measures (additional plantations): 10 years for 1,000,000 ha new plantations (p. 79)
    • Reforestation: double reforestation from 10,400 ha/yr à 20,800 ha/yr (p. 81)
Global Environment Facility (GEF) projects
Restoration target
145,000 hectares
4233: CPP: Sub-Program for Sustainable Land Management in Boucle de Mouhoun region (May 2010 – June 2015)
  • Outcome 3: SLM and soil restoration (p. 17)
    • 100,000 ha pastoral zones
    • 50,000 ha river banks
    • 20,000 ha wetlands
    • Global Environmental Benefits: significant extension of plant cover will be restored
  • Finance: $1.2 M grant + $3.5 M = $4.7 M
4301: CPP: SLM subprogram for the Centre-West Region (June 2010 – Sept. 2015)
  • Outcome 3.1: techniques for sustainable land use and soil restoration based on local knowledge and innovative practices are promoted and diffused (p. 17)
    • 50,000 ha forest land
    • 35,000 ha pastoral zone
    • 10,000 ha river banks
    • 5,000 ha wetlands
    • 10,000 ha Agro-Biodiversity
    • 10,000 ha peripheral areas for fauna protection
  • Finance: $1.18 M grant + $3.2 M co-financing = $4.38 M
GGW: Community based Rural Development Project 3rd Phase with Sustainable Land and Forestry Management (Nov. 2012 for 60 months)
  • Annex A: Project Results Framework
    • Indicator 3: additional land under SFM
      • 13,000 ha (between 2013 – 2017) (p. 26)
  • Finance: $7.4 M grant + $97.35 M co-financing = $104.75 M
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