Chile map

A long and narrow coastal Southern Cone country on the west side of the Andes Mountains, Chile stretches over 4,300 km north to south, but is only 350 km at its widest point from east to west. It encompasses a remarkable variety of climates and landscapes. The northern Atacama Desert contains great mineral wealth, primarily copper and nitrates. The relatively small Central Valley, which includes Chile's capital of Santiago, dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources. This area is also the historical center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it integrated the northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
74,353,200 hectares
Area of forest
23.9% of land area
Area of agriculture
21.2% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.6% of land area


17.9 million
Population growth
1.0% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
13383.90 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
4.70 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
500,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
157 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.05 GtCO2 sequestered
Main forest types
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Highlighted benefits
National Restoration Targets
Total restoration target
600,000 hectares
Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) – FCPF
Propuesta de Preparación: Chile (in Spanish) (2013)

No specific FLR targets

Section 2C: Framework for implementation of REDD+ details: i) Reinvigorate afforestation for production growth (p. 153); ii) Promote increase of forest resources

Anticipated activities with Co-financing of REDD+ include the analysis of mitigation potential from Law 20.283

REDD+ Strategy
REDD Readiness Progress Sheet (2014)

CONAF is preparing a National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change (ENBCC) having two main elements, the first focuses on the generation, registration and marketing of forest carbon credits that meet the international standards of the voluntary carbon market, focusing primarily on access to small and medium landowners. The second focuses on issues related to contributions to the National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases and other requirements agreed by the country, which are not related to carbon markets (p. 1). 

National Forest and/or Climate Strategy and/or Low Carbon Development Strategy
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (2012)

This NAMA aims to advance the implementation of the country ́s Platform for the Generation and Trading of Forest Carbon Credits (PBCCh). This NAMA includes the development of pilot sites that will be established in different types of forests and lands suitable to forestation. These pilot units will be the first to generate units for trading under the PBCCh. These pilots will include improvements in land titling processes, the identification and implementation of more appropriate forest management techniques, the generation of sub‐national reference levels and MRV systems, among other issues related to forestry carbon projects (p. 1). 

National Climate Change Action Plan (2010)

Implementation Period 2008-2009 (p. 52) includes: i) Promote native forest management and recovery; ii) Promote afforestation

Conaf forestará 100 mil hectáreas para contrarrestrar pérdidas por incendios y sequía (2015)

100,000 ha afforestation on degraded land (to counteract land lost to wildfire) and implementation is 2020-2035 with a budget of $250 million, however, target is not added to total because efforts do not start until 2020

Emission Reduction Program Idea Note (ER-PIN) – FCPF
Emission Reduction Program Idea Note: Chile (2014)

Activities and Mitigation options under the proposed ER-PIN do not include FLR activities/targets

Forestation program in emblematic areas affected by fires (p. 18)

Global Environment Facility (GEF) projects
Restoration target
600,000 hectares
4104: Sustainable Land Management (June 2010 - April 2018)

Application of SINFOSA’s SLM instruments supporting improved land management in approximately 100,000 ha (p. 1-2):

  • Biological corridors established in pilot areas
  • Increased application of sustainable forest management practices by beneficiaries, including reforestation with native species  
  • Restoration activities in priority biodiversity habitats
  • Finance: Total budget: $5.86 million grant + $77.61 million = $83.47 million; Budget for SLM: $2.45 million grant + $63 million co-financing = $65.45 million (p. 2)
4698: Integrated national Monitoring and assessment System on Forest Ecosystems (SIMEF) in support of policies, regulations and SFM practices incorporating REDD+ and biodiversity conservation in forest ecosystems (Nov. 2012 approval – 48 month duration)

Global Environmental Benefit Section: with the implementation of the SIMEF pilots there will be a recuperation of 100,000 ha degraded forest (after 20 years) and 1,000,000 ha (after 50 years) (p. 14)


Finance: Total budget: $6.3 million grant + $25.24 million = $31.54 million (p. 1); Budget for Environmental Benefit section: $942,000 grant + $3,117,000 co-financing = $4,059,000 (p. 4)

5135: Protecting Biodiversity and Multiple Ecosystem Services in Biological Mountain Corridors in Chile’s Mediterranean Ecosystem (approved April 2013 – duration 60 months)

Integrated Conservation Districts for soil, forest and water implemented on 100,000 ha of production/conservation pilot areas (p. 2); Funding: $340,677 grant + $2,274,500 = $2,615,177

Pilot 2: 100,000 ha (livestock, cultivation, walnut trees, and nature tourism) (p.14)

Finance: $5,657,201 grant + $19,350,000 = $25,007,201 (p. 2)

Mainstreaming the conservation, sustainable use and valuation of critically threatened species and endangered ecosystems into development-frontier production landscapes of the Arica y Parinacota, and Biobio regions (March 2014 – duration 36 months)

300,000 ha sustainably managed landscapes including agro-ecosystems, production forests, biological corridors, and species refuges (p. 15)

Implementing conservation agriculture, sustainable livestock production, sustainable timber and NTFPs, and restoration of ecosystem services in pilot areas (p. 15)

Finance: $2,411,416 grant + $8,811,707 co-financing = $11, 223,123

FLR Assessments

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