Ecuador map

Ecuador is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world, and it has the most biodiversity per square kilometer of any nation. It has the first constitution to recognize the rights of nature. The protection of the nation's biodiversity is an explicit national priority as stated in the National Plan of "Buen Vivir", or good living, Objective 4, "Guarantee the rights of nature", Policy 1: "Sustainably conserve and manage the natural heritage, including its land and marine biodiversity, which is considered a strategic sector". A program begun in 2008, called Sociobosque, is preserving another 2.3% of total land area (6,295 km², or 629,500 ha) by paying private landowners or community landowners (such as Amerindian tribes) incentives to maintain their land as native ecosystems such as native forests or grasslands. Eligibility and subsidy rates for this program are determined based on the poverty in the region, the number of hectares that will be protected, and the type of ecosystem of the land to be protected, among other factors. Ecuador has a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
24,836,000 hectares
Area of forest
50.5% of land area
Area of agriculture
30.3% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
5.9% of land area


16.1 million
Population growth
1.5% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
6248.10 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
2.80 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
500,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
157 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.05 GtCO2 sequestered
Main forest types
Tropical/subtropical coniferous forests
Tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forest
Highlighted benefits

In December of 2014 Ecuador announced forest landscape restoration and conservation commitments to Initiative 20x20 at a side event to the 20th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Lima, Peru. 500,000 hectares of restoration from these commitments are formal contributions to the Bonn Challenge goal. 

About Initiative 20x20

Initiative 20x20 is a country-led effort to restore 20 million hectares of land in Latin America and the Caribbean by 2020. The initiative was launched formally at the 20th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Lima, Peru, in 2014. Of the 20 million hectares committed to Initiative 20x20, 11.1 million are expected to contribute to the Bonn Challenge from Mexico, Peru, Ecuador and Chile.

National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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