Honduras map

Honduras consists mainly of mountains, with narrow plains along the coasts. A large, undeveloped lowland jungle, La Mosquitia, lies in the northeast, and the heavily populated lowland Sula valley lies in the northwest. La Mosquitia contains the UNESCO world-heritage site Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve and the Coco River, which divides Honduras from Nicaragua. Honduras is known for its rich natural resources, including minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane, as well as for its growing textiles industry, which serves the international market. The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast. The region is considered a biodiversity hotspot because of the many plant and animal species found there. It has rain forests, cloud forests (which can rise up to nearly 3,000 m above sea level), mangroves, savannas and mountain ranges with pine and oak trees, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. Deforestation resulting from logging and clearing of land for agriculture is prevalent, causing land degradation and soil erosion. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
11,189,000 hectares
Area of forest
41.0% of land area
Area of agriculture
28.9% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
4.1% of land area


8.1 million
Population growth
1.4% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
2495.60 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
1.20 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
1,000,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
314 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.09 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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