Map of Laos

The Lao People's Democratic Republic is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. It is located in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest. Its thickly forested landscape consists mostly of rugged mountains, the highest of which is Phou Bia at 2,818 metres (9,245 ft), with some plains and plateaus. Laos is increasingly suffering from environmental problems, with deforestation a particularly significant issue, as expanding commercial exploitation of the forests, plans for additional hydroelectric facilities, foreign demand for wild animals and nonwood forest products for food and traditional medicines, and a growing population all create increasing pressure. The United Nations Development Programme warns that: "Protecting the environment and sustainable use of natural resources in Lao PDR is vital for poverty reduction and economic growth." In 1993, the Laos government set aside 21 percent of the nation's land area for habitat conservation preservation. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
23,080,000 hectares
Area of forest
81.3% of land area
Area of agriculture
10.1% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.7% of land area


6.8 million
Population growth
1.7% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
1812.30 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.30 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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