Mozambique map

Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The country is divided into two topographical regions by the Zambezi River. To the north of the Zambezi River, the narrow coastal strip gives way to inland hills and low plateaus. Rugged highlands are further west; they include the Niassa highlands, Namuli or Shire highlands, Angonia highlands, Tete highlands and the Makonde plateau, covered with miombo woodlands. To the south of the Zambezi River, the lowlands are broader with the Mashonaland plateau and Lebombo Mountains located in the deep south. Mozambique is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, though endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry is growing, mainly in food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, and aluminium and petroleum production. The country's tourism sector is also growing. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy. A long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences, including desertification and pollution of surface and coastal waters. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
78,638,000 hectares
Area of forest
48.2% of land area
Area of agriculture
63.5% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.4% of land area

People

Population
27.9 million
Population growth
2.8% annually
Rural population
68.0%

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
25.5%
GDP per person
525.00 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.20 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
279
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
2030
Date committed
Area committed
1,000,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
314 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.09 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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