Panama map

Panama is located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. The dominant feature of Panama's geography is the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide. A nearly impenetrable jungle forms the Darién Gap between Panama and Colombia. Panama's tropical environment supports an abundance of plants. Forests dominate, interrupted in places by grasslands, scrub, and crops. Although nearly 40% of Panama is still wooded, deforestation is a continuing threat to the rain-drenched woodlands. Tree cover has been reduced by more than 50% since the 1940s. Subsistence farming, widely practiced from the northeastern jungles to the southwestern grasslands, consists largely of corn, bean, and tuber plots. Mangrove swamps occur along parts of both coasts, with banana plantations occupying deltas near Costa Rica. In many places, a multi-canopied rain forest abuts the swamp on one side of the country and extends to the lower reaches of slopes in the other. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
7,434,000 hectares
Area of forest
62.1% of land area
Area of agriculture
30.4% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
2.5% of land area


3.9 million
Population growth
1.6% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
13268.10 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
2.70 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
1,000,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
314 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.09 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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