Map of Zambia

Zambia is a landlocked country in southern Africa, with a tropical climate, and consists mostly of high plateaus with some hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys. At 752,614 km2 it is the 39th-largest country in the world, slightly smaller than Chile. In the Köppen climate classification, most of the country is classified as humid subtropical ortropical wet and dry, with small stretches of semi-arid steppe climate in the south-west and along the Zambezi valley. There are 14 ecosystems in Zambia, classed into Forest, Thicket, Woodland and Grassland vegetation types. Zambia has approximately 12,505 identified species—63% animal species, 33% plant species and 4% bacterial and microorganism species. There are an estimated 3,543 species of wild flowering plants, consisting of sedges, herbaceous plants and woody plants. The Northern and North-Western parts of the country especially have the highest diversity of flowering plants. Approximately 53% of flowering plants are rate and occur throughout the country. An estimated 757 bird species are known to exist, of which 600 are either resident or afrotropic migrants; 470 breed in the country; and 100 are non-breding migrants. The Zambian barbet is a well-known species endemic to Zambia. Roughly 490 known fish species, belonging to 24 fish families have been reported in Zambia, with Lake Tanganyika having the highest diverse and endemic species. (Wikipedia)


Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
75,261,000 hectares
Area of forest
65.4% of land area
Area of agriculture
31.9% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.0% of land area


16.2 million
Population growth
3.1% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
1307.80 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.30 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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