The Barometer consider progress across two dimensions – success factors and results and benefits – to arrive at a comprehensive picture of FLR implementation, its enabling conditions and which hurdles need to be overcome to scale up progress.
Policies and institutional arrangements
Successful FLR is incentivized and supported by policies, plans and strategies. This indicator documents the policies adapted, enacted or implemented after a Bonn Challenge pledge was made and the institutions responsible for them at different scales.
Funding for FLR comes from a wide variety of sources. This indicator measures financial flows from four distinct areas: domestic public expenditure, private investment, international donor support and domestic philanthropic and non-profit support. Funding for capacity building, nurseries and seed banks and stakeholder engagement can be included.
Adequate planning to identify where, how, why FLR efforts are undertaken is critical for ensuring long-term positive impacts and meaningful outcomes. To guide and plan FLR implementation, many pledgers have followed formal frameworks such as IUCN’s Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM) and use Restoration Opportunities Optimisation Tool (ROOT). Formal restoration planning may also have been undertaken as part of other separate but related land-use policy efforts such as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting.
Successful implementation of FLR requires that efforts are tracked and monitored over time. This indicator documents whether and how these monitoring systems have been developed and/or applied, and support reporting using the Barometer.
Results & benefits
Hectares brought under restoration
This indicator documents the extent to which pledges are being met through implementation efforts since 2010. In the context of FLR, ‘under restoration’ is defined as a set of measures put in place, operating within or influencing the landscape that slow and then reverse the status of key ecological, social and economic indicators that refer to health of the landscape.
This indicator reports on carbon sequestration potential directly related to the hectares under restoration and the type of restoration activities implemented. In addition, countries can also report on how restoration is expected to reduce the vulnerability of populations to climate change linked hazards.
For this indicator, Bonn Challenge pledgers are able to report on restoration actions taking place in areas of high biodiversity importance, such as Key Biodiversity Areas, protected areas an other areas of conservation importance.
The Barometer has selected a single indicator for socioeconomic impacts – number of green jobs created – to address the complications faced by attempting to assess the full range of socioeconomic benefits that may flow from FLR. Given data on employment is often broken down into distinct categories the Barometer incorporates flexibility to designate by job duration, gender type, or job type (i.e., maintenance vs. implementation).
In 2020, the Barometer will be applied in 20+ countries.
Some countries will undergo a full application of the protocol, whereas others are participating in a ‘rapid application’ that assesses progress against a selection of indicators.