Kenya map

Kenya is known for its safaris, diverse climate and geography, and expansive wildlife reserves and national parks, such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. From the coast on the Indian Ocean, low plains rise to central highlands. The highlands are bisected by the Great Rift Valley, with a fertile plateau lying to the east. The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa. Overexploitation over the past three decades has reduced the country's timber resources by one-half. An estimated 50 km2 of forest are lost each year. This loss of forest aggravates erosion, the silting of dams and flooding, and the loss of biodiversity. Among the endangered forests are Kakamega Forest, Mau Forest and Karura Forest. Widespread poverty in many parts of the country has greatly lead to over-exploitation of the limited natural resources in Kenya. Cutting down of trees to create more land for cultivation, charcoal burning business, quarrying among other social and occupational practices are the major threats of environmental degradation. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
56,914,000 hectares
Area of forest
7.8% of land area
Area of agriculture
48.5% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.9% of land area


46.1 million
Population growth
2.6% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
1376.70 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.30 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
5,100,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
1,601 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.48 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets
Total restoration target
4,210,000 hectares
Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) – FCPF
Revised REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal: Kenya (2010)
  • Priority Area 4: Enhancement of carbon stocks (p. 41-42):
    • The following measures are proposed to increase carbon stock in existing forests and to encourage new forest establishment, reforestation of degraded and deforested areas and expansion of trees on farms...These measures will be implemented in pursuit of the Vision 2030 and the NCCRS goals of increasing the forest area by 4.1 million hectares over the next 20 years and will be implemented with support from schools, youth groups, other organized groups and Regional Development Authorities.
      • Implementation of the new Agriculture rules that prescribe that a minimum of 10% [land] should be under forests. 
      • Support to promotion of sustainable forest management (SFM). 
      • Support for forest protection that increases carbon stock, improves biodiversity and livelihood benefits
      • Support to the GoK target to plant 10% of land with trees. This is in line with the vision 2030 objectives and the Agriculture rules that require a minimum of 10% of agriculture land to be under trees. 
National Forest and/or Climate Strategy and/or Low Carbon Development Strategy
Restoration target
4,100,000 hectares
National Climate Change Response Strategy (2010)
  • The Kenya Government has initiated an ambitious programme of restoring the country’s forest cover that is currently at 1.7%, down from 12% only 30 years ago. The overall aim is to grow about 7.6 billion trees on 4.1 million hectares of land during the next 20 years (p. 59). 
  • Forest Restoration and Conservation Programme and Projects (p. 109):
    • Estimated Cost Per Year: $60.7 million (for 20 years)
    • Rehab and restoration of all degraded forests and riverine vegetation
    • Promotion on conservation-agriculture, agroforestry and tree-based intercropping (Estimated Cost Per Year: $9 million for 20 years)
Global Environment Facility (GEF) projects
Restoration target
110,000 hectares
5272: Scaling up Sustainable Land Management and Biodiversity Conservation to Reduce Environmental Degradation in Small Scale Agriculture in Western Kenya (submitted 12/2/2013 – duration 60 months)
  • Targets (p. 1-3):
    • Reduced land degradation, improved soil health and increased productivity of agroecosystems  
      • Outputs: Adoption of SLM practices and conservation of indigenous food crop varieties (agrobiodiversity) increased 
      • Capacity of 10 CFAs to manage forests and implement SFM and biodiversity conservation strengthened 
        • Indicators: 10,000 ha of forest under SFM 
    • 100,00 ha of agricultural land put under SLM
    • 10,000 ha of degraded forests restored contributing to combined sequestered and avoided emissions of 339,240 of CO2/yr  
  • Finance: $3,650,210
FLR Assessments

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