Map of Lebanon

In ancient times, Lebanon was covered by large forests of cedar trees, the national emblem of the country. Today, forests cover 13.4% of the Lebanese land area; they are under constant threat from wildfires caused by the long dry summer season. As a result of longstanding exploitation, few old cedar trees remain in pockets of forests in Lebanon, but there is an active program to conserve and regenerate the forests. The Lebanese approach has emphasized natural regeneration over planting by creating the right conditions for germination and growth. The Lebanese state has created several nature reserves that contain cedars, including the Shouf Biosphere Reserve, the Jaj Cedar Reserve, the Tannourine Reserve, the Ammouaa and Karm Shbat Reserves in the Akkar district, and the Forest of the Cedars of God near Bsharri. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
1,023,000 hectares
Area of forest
13.4% of land area
Area of agriculture
64.3% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
12.3% of land area


5.9 million
Population growth
4.2% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
8050.80 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
4.30 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
National Restoration Targets

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FLR Assessments

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