Republic of the Congo map

Republic of the Congo is located in the central-western part of sub-Saharan Africa, along the Equator. To the south and east of it is the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon to the west, Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, and Cabinda (Angola) to the southwest. It has a short coast on the Atlantic Ocean. The southwest of the country is a coastal plain for which the primary drainage is the Kouilou-Niari River; the interior of the country consists of a central plateau between two basins to the south and north. Forests are under increasing exploitation pressure. In 2006–07, researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society studied gorillas in heavily forested regions centered on the Ouesso district of the Sangha Region. They suggest a population on the order of 125,000 western lowland gorillas, whose isolation from humans has been largely preserved by inhospitable swamps. The economy is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts, an industrial sector based largely on petroleum, support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Petroleum extraction has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy. In 2008, oil sector accounted for 65% of the GDP, 85% of government revenue, and 92% of exports. The country also has large untapped mineral wealth. (Wikipedia)

Quick Facts

Land use

Total land area
34,150,000 hectares
Area of forest
65.4% of land area
Area of agriculture
31.1% of land area
Area of permanent cropland
0.2% of land area


4.6 million
Population growth
2.5% annually
Rural population

Economics and development

GDP from agriculture
GDP per person
1851.20 USD

Climate change and biodiversity

CO2 emissions
0.60 metric tonnes per person
Threatened animal and plant species
Bonn Challenge Commitments
Goal year
Date committed
Area committed
2,000,000 hectares
Potential economic benefit
628 million USD
Potential climate benefit
0.19 GtCO2 sequestered
National Restoration Targets
Total restoration target
1,001,000 hectares
Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) – FCPF
Proposition pour la Préparation à la REDD+ (RPP): République du Congo (2011)
  • Strategy Options: Past recommendations
    • Promote agroforestry and community forestry
  • Strategy: Options and Sub-options
    • Strengthen land security
      • Establish a National Land Use Plan
        • Among areas to be identified include areas of reforestation and restoration of degraded forests (p. 69, 70)
    • Improve agricultural productions systems
      • Promote agroforestry systems (p. 78)
    • Streamline production and the use of wood energy
      • Promote Afforestation/Reforestation to improve fuelwood supply[ (p. 80)
National Forest and/or Climate Strategy and/or Low Carbon Development Strategy
Restoration target
1,000,000 hectares
Programme National d’Afforestation et de Reboisement
  • Objectives: 1 million ha public/private plantations with exotic and native species
  • Forest plantations in savanna areas (R-PP, p. 81)
  • Forest restoration with native species (R-PP, p. 81)
  • Orchards (R-PP, p. 81)
  • 2011-2020 target: 1,000,000 ha forest plantations and agroforestry (R-PP, p. 81)
Emission Reduction Program Idea Note (ER-PIN) – FCPF
Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN): Republic of Congo
  • Forestry (p. 19)
    • Enhancing carbon stocks through silvicultural techniques and reforestation and agroforestry activities
  • Agriculture/Agro-industry (p. 19)
    • Community agroforestry plantations
  • Primary Project Activity 5: Afforestation/Reforestation and Community Agroforestry
    • Target degraded lands for community agroforestry planting activity
    • Wood for energy, charcoal production, agriculture products
  • Timeline: 2016-2020 ER Program (p. 16)
Global Environment Facility (GEF) projects
Restoration target
1,000 hectares
4083: CBSP- Integrated management of mangrove and associated wetlands and coastal forests ecosystems of the Republic of Congo (2011-2013)
  • 1,000 ha mangrove restoration (PIF, p. 2)
  • Finance: $950,000 grant + $1,150,000 co-financing = $2,100,000
FLR Assessments

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