On 3 December 2016, at the thirteenth Conference of Parties (COP13) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Government of Brazil announced its restoration commitments. Below, is the official note issued by the government, explaining the various components of their pledge.
The Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil is pleased to announce its voluntary contribution to the Bonn Challenge and Initiative 20x20.
Our ambition is to restore, reforest and induce the natural revegetation of 12 million hectares of forests by 2030 for multiple purposes. In addition, with a view to further scale Brazil's adaptation efforts guided by the Low-Carbon Agriculture Plan (ABC Plan), we aim to implement, by 2030, 5 million hectares of integrated agricultural systems that combine crops, livestock and forestry, in any way.
Brazil's voluntary contribution to Initiative 20x20 also includes the restoration of 5 million ha of degraded pastures by 2020, as well as other technologies aimed at increasing the resilience of Brazilian agriculture to climate change.
Achieving the above contributions will require investment, as well as technology development, deployment, diffusion and transfer. Brazil welcomes the opportunity to cooperate with all participants and supporters of the Bonn Challenge and of Initiative 20x20 to mobilize technical and financial resources and to guide investment in Brazil with a view to generate global benefits.
The Brazilian voluntary contribution is not additional to any other that has been or may be declared by public or private entities related to the Brazilian territory. This voluntary contribution includes measures that Brazil intends to adopt in implementing its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the context of the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), ratified by the government of Brazil in September 2016. Thus, Brazil's aforementioned contributions to the Bonn Challenge and Initiative 20x20 are part of the national efforts for achieving the reduction of greenhouse emissions for the overall economy since 2005. The intention hereby declared is not legally binding and shall not compromise Brazil´s sustainable economic development. All policies, measures and actions to implement Brazil’s NDC are carried out under the National Policy on Climate Change (N° 12187/2009), the Native Vegetation Protection Law (N° 12,651/2012, the Forest Code), the National Conservation Areas Law (Lei 9.985/2000) and related legislation, instruments and planning processes.
Currently, Brazil is in the process of implementing the Rural Environmental Registry, CAR. This is an electronic public registry that will contain environmental information from all rural properties, making it a centralized database for environmental planning. Brazil is also implementing the ABC Platform, a multi-institutional endeavor that will assess the performance of the ABC Plan. Both Platforms, when fully deployed, may be useful to help track progress towards the Bonn Challenge and Initiative 20x20.
Adherence to these initiatives reaffirms Brazil's leadership in sustainable development, in agricultural production, in biodiversity conservation, and in climate change mitigation and adaptation. It demonstrates the country's commitment in delivering the targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
Read the speech made by Brazil's Environment Minister at COP13 here.